Foot and Ankle Arthritis

Do you get foot or ankle stiffness in the morning or after a period of sitting? Are you not able to move your ankle or toe joints the way they used to? Do you hear or feel a grating sensation during movement? Do you have pain in your big toe joint or bunion pain? Do you have bumps or bony outgrowth somewhere on your foot?

How do I get arthritis in the feet?

Did you know there are 33 joints in one foot that can become arthritic from the everyday grinding and friction of the bones? People often relate arthritis to “old age,” however we regularly see early degenerative changes in the foot joints as early as mid-late 20’s.


Cause of arthritis can be multifactorial include:

  • Previous trauma/injury (e.g. Ankle sprain )
  • Overweight
  • Genetic factor
  • Systemic Diseases
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Gout
  • Reiter’s syndrome
  • Reactive arthritis

Biomechanical factors include:

  • Joint misalignment (loss of congruency of the joints leading to increased wear and tear)
  • Muscle dysfunction (weak and tight calf muscles)
  • Excessive foot pronation
  • High arches or flatfeet

Managing the biomechanical factors is what we do best to prevent and manage your foot and ankle arthritis. Our specialized corrective treatment such as Foot Mobilisation Techniques and Trigenics® are particularly effective in relieving pain and improving mobility in arthritis. Make a booking to discuss how we can help prevent onset or acceleration of your arthritis today!

Osteoarthritis and Rheumatoid Arthritis are perhaps the two most common type of arthritis affecting the foot and ankle.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic condition involving degeneration of the joint. The ends of the two bones are protected by a smooth cushioning material called cartilage, which absorbs impact and enables the bones to glide smoothly over each other. In OA, the cartilage breaks down due to repetitive stress, excessive pressure, and overuse or misuse of the joint. This is commonly seen in the feet as they are always exposed to these factors.

Abnormal foot alignment and joint positioning would place excessive pressure on our joints, accelerating the onset or process of OA. Signs and symptoms include joint stiffness, joint pain, limited joint movement, bony spur formation, and enlarged joint.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and arthritic changes in the joints. 90% of RA patients have foot involvement, and 20% develop foot symptoms first. Signs and symptoms are similar to OA, but we would normally see more joint swelling and restrictions, outgrowths of bone (osteophytes formation), and foot deformities such as hammer toes, claw toes, hallux valgus, and bunions. These symptoms often prevent patients from exercising, therefore lead to further joint stiffness and muscle weakening. RA patients would also find themselves losing balance due to the toe deformities.

I have no pain, I have no problem…?

Research tells us that only 1/3 of arthritic joints are symptomatic. However, early treatment is always recommended as there is no cure for arthritis and it is a condition that would only get worse over time and eventually cause pain, stiffness and reduced mobility. Pain often happen at the later stage of arthritis. In fact, your joints may already be going through irreversible damage silently without pain.

There is no cure for arthritis but guess what? We can help maintain your lifestyle!

There are effective conservative treatments we can perform to slow the progress of the disease and relieve symptoms, and ultimately help maintain your lifestyle!

Our treatment aims at getting the joints to function at their optimal position, improving the congruency of the joints help to reduce the wear and tear between the two bones. This is generally achieved by mobilizing the affected joints with our specialized techniques, which stimulate the production of synovial fluid. This fluid lubricates the cartilage and other structures in the joint and keeps it moving smoothly.

We have had great success in managing arthritic foot symptoms with our treatment approach. We help improve the quality of life for people at different forms and stages of arthritis, helping them continue to do the things they love and maintain their active lifestyle.

Contact us today so that we can start preserving your joints and save your feet sooner rather than later!

Effective treatment to improve function and mobility in Foot and Ankle Arthritis:

  • Foot Mobilisation Techniques
  • Trigenics® Functional Muscle Neurology
  • Western Medical Acupuncture
  • Low Level Laser Therapy
  • Movement Assessment Technologies
  • Active Release Techniques
  • InterX Neurostimulation Therapy
  • Custom Foot Orthoses
  • Kinesiology Sports Taping
  • Corrective / Rehabilitation Exercise